This panel deals with the impact of national self-images on national debates about European integration as well as on the transformation of national political cultures (as displayed in the national parliaments, between political parties, in the media and the public sphere) as a result of European integration. How did national self-images impact on corresponding imaginings of a future “Europe”? And to what extent and in which ways can the process of European integration be regarded as a cause for political convergence or conflict in the member states? The panel presents analyses of corresponding processes in various West and Middle European countries. Moreover the panel will discuss the differences between the effects of Europeanization within the founding member states of the European Community and the countries that joined the EU at a later stage.